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Table 1 Basic socio-demographic and biochemical characteristics of the patients with diabetes

From: Islet cell autoantibodies in African patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes in Dar es Salaam Tanzania: a cross sectional study

Variables Type 1 Type 2
Total n (%) 94 (38.4) 151 (61.6)
Female n (%) 50 (53.2) 85 (56.2)
Age at diagnosis [median (min-max)] years 17 (4–60) 48 (20–79) ***
Diabetes duration [median (min-max)]years 3 (0–17) 4 (0–25)***
Family history of diabetes n (%) 42 (44.7) 67(45)
BMI [mean ± SD] kg/m2 19.5 ± 4.4 27.8 ± 4.7 ***
Waist-to-hip ratio [mean ± SD] 0.87 ± (0.07 0.94 ± 0.1 ***
HbA1c[median (min-max)]% 13.7 (6->14) 9.6 (5.2->14)***
Normal C-peptide levels# n (%) 7 (7.6) 96 (63.6) ***
  1. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001.
  2. Fisher's Exact Test Mann-Whitney, Unpaired t- test
  3. #Normal C-peptide levels: fasting >0.3 nmol/l; random >0.6 nmol/l.