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Table 3 Comparison of antibody-positive versus antibody-negative patients with T1D and their associated socio-demographic and biochemical characteristics

From: Islet cell autoantibodies in African patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes in Dar es Salaam Tanzania: a cross sectional study

Variables Antibody status
  Any antibody +ve Antibody -ve
Total n (%) 40 (43) 54 (57)
Female n (%) 23 (57.5) 27 (50)
Age at diagnosis [median (min-max)]years 18 (4–35) 17 (5–44)
Diabetes duration [median (min-max)] years 3.7 (0.2–17) 3.0 (0–14)
Positive family history of diabetes n (%) 24 (60) 18 (33.3)**
BMI [mean ± SD] kg/m2 20.4 ± 5.4 19.2 ± 3.6
Waist-to-hip ratio [mean ± SD] 0.87 ± 0.09 0.87 ± 0.09
HbA1c [median (min-max)] % 13.4 (7.4->14) 13.9 (5.9->14)
Normal C-peptide levels# n (%) 2 (5.1) 5 (9.4)
  1. *P < 0.05; **P < 0.01; ***P < 0.001.
  2. Fisher's Exact Test, Mann-Whitney, Unpaired t test
  3. #Normal C-peptide levels: fasting >0.3 nmol/l; random >0.6 nmol/l.